We have grown from humble beginnings as a foundation providing meaningful work for a handful of blind and partially sighted people. We have evolved over the past two centuries to become the largest visual impairment organisation in Scotland.

Here is our story so far.

Our History


Our foundation

Royal Blind (now known as Sight Scotland) was founded by Reverend Dr David Johnston, Dr Thomas Blacklock and Mr David Miller in 1793, and was the third foundation in the world dedicated to improving the welfare of blind people.

That year, we established an educational unit providing lessons in handcrafts, mental arithmetic and scripture recitation lessons. Early fundraising initiatives enabled us to rent a covenant house on Edinburgh’s Shakespeare Square (now Waterloo Place), where we welcomed an admission of nine trainees. They were taught handcrafts as a means of gaining employment and actively supporting themselves. His Grace, the Third Duke of Buccleuch, became the first President of Royal Blind, beginning an association which continues to the present day with Sight Scotland.

Nicolson street 1820


New premises at Nicolson Street

As public support for Royal Blind (now Sight Scotland) grew, the organisation purchased permanent premises at 58 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh. Male trainees from Shakespeare Square continued to learn handcrafts. They produced mattresses, mats, brushes and baskets which could be purchased by the public visiting the showroom. In 1822, a further premises at 38 Nicolson Street was purchased to provide women with an opportunity to develop employability skills, producing various knitted and sewed products.

Throughout the 19th century, many people flourished there as highly skilled workers who could contribute substantially to their own support. The quality of their work was recognised at many international exhibitions.


First residential care service opens

We began providing residential care for blind women in 1825 at 1 Hill Place, Edinburgh. The facility welcomed an initial intake of 25 women ranging from working age to older age.

Pupils exercise at Craigmillar - archive


The Royal Blind School at Craigmillar Park

Our educational unit amalgamated with The School for Blind Children, founded by Mr James Gall in 1835, which was based in Craigmillar Park, Edinburgh. Children attending the school had lessons in arithmetic, Braille printing, English, geography, history and recitation. Older children received additional tuition in organ and piano playing.


Residential care at Craigmillar Park

Our Hill Place residential care residents were transferred to the Craigmillar Park premises following the amalgamation of Royal Blind's education unit and The School for Blind Children in 1875.


Our braille production begins

A department of the Royal Blind School began commercial braille production at Craigmillar Park. The early days of this service concentrated on the production of religious and educational materials in braille.

Blind and visually impaired girls knitting - Royal Blind archive picture


Royal Charter

Royal Blind's Royal Charter of Incorporation recognised our operating units as: industrial department, home for poor blind women, school for blind children and department in printing, typing and piano-tuning. Objectives included promoting the welfare of blind people, education, training, employment, supplementing salaries, providing aid in sickness and old age, and granting aid to ''indigent blind in all parts of Scotland''.  

Blind veterans working in Newington House workshops


Our sister charity

Royal Blind (now Sight Scotland) established our sister charity, Scottish War Blinded, to help soldiers blinded in World War One. Now known as Sight Scotland Veterans, today our sister charity supports veterans with sight loss across Scotland, no matter how or when they lost their sight.

Resident and nurse


New home for residential service

The Thomas Burns Home, named after Royal Blind Chairman Reverend Dr. Thomas Burns, was constructed and opened in 1929, providing dedicated premises for our residential services on the Craigmillar Park campus. The home provided residential rooms, workspaces and recreational areas for blind women.

As residents grew older, the provision of nursing care replaced many of the industrial activities that flourished at Craigmillar Park. Oswald House was purchased in 1946, providing a home for blind women due to the increasing need.


Our school provision grows

In September 1933, our school was completely reorganised to extend the provision of secondary education and accommodate blind pre-school children. Pupil intake rose. When war broke out in 1939, the Royal Blind School remained open throughout World War Two.


Muirburn House opens

A period of considerable development for the Royal Blind School took hold when the war ended. Additional buildings and facilities for pre-school and younger primary school children were purchased. In 1953, the school opened Muirburn House, providing education to visually impaired children with additional disabilities.

The Scottish Braille Press building in 1965


The Scottish Braille Press

Our braille production service moved into an independent purpose-built facility on the Craigmillar Park campus under the operating name of the Scottish Braille Press.

Playing skittles at Thomas Burns House


Our residential home extends

With demand for residential care places exceeding capacity at the Thomas Burns Home on the Craigmillar Park campus in the 1960s, the home was extended thanks to fundraising by a public appeal, led by the Earl of Haddington. Oswald House remained open until 1969, when all care was transferred to the Thomas Burns Home. The newly constructed home was opened by Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother in 1970. In 1979, the home was further extended to welcome male residents.


Our Morningside campus

The Thomas Burns Home and Muirburn House merged at a new facility in Morningside, Edinburgh – where the Royal Blind School is based today. Canaan Lodge and Canaan Home were completed in 1991 and officially opened by the Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch.

Canaan Lodge was Scotland’s first purpose-built school for pupils with multiple disabilities as well as visual impairment (MDVI). The facility included five inter-connected houses, accommodating six pupils and staff, and had a sports hall, hydrotherapy pool, centres for speech therapy and physiotherapy, medical room and sheltered play areas. Its design encouraged pupils to develop independent living skills within a safe environment. Canaan Home provided residential and nursing care for older people with sight loss.

Braeside House care home for older people with visual impairments has a waterfall at the front entrance


Braeside House opens

Residents remained at Canaan Home in Morningside until 1999, when they moved to Braeside House in Liberton Brae, Edinburgh – our purpose-built care home for visually impaired older people.


Forward Vision established

We extended our adult services, opening our Forward Vision residential care service in Morningside, Edinburgh. Forward Vision provides 24-hour personalised care for 14 young adults who are blind or partially sighted and have additional disabilities, encouraging greater independent living skills.


Education strategy revised

We revised our education strategy in response to greater numbers of visually impaired pupils integrating into mainstream schools with the assistance of local authority special units for pupils with disabilities. As a result, the Craigmillar Park and Morningside campuses merged.


Morningside campus welcomes Craigmillar Park pupils

In August 2014, Craigmillar Park pupils joined fellow pupils at the newly refurbished Morningside campus. The re-developed school was officially opened by our Patron, His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester.

Learning Hub tutor at the May 2019 Canaan Barrie on-body signing course


Supporting mainstream education

We launched a new service, the Learning Hub, which shares the expertise of the Royal Blind School with teachers and other education professionals in mainstream schools teaching visually impaired children.


Allermuir established

We further extended our adult services, opening Allermuir at The Inch, Edinburgh. Allermuir is a home for life for four adults who have a visual impairment and additional disabilities and who need 24-hour care and support.

Jenny's Well courtyard


Jenny's Well opens

In January 2015, we announced plans to build a second care home for visually impaired older people in Paisley in the West of Scotland. Our Jenny's Well Care Home welcomed its first residents in October 2017.

Scottish Braille Press employee records audio content in a booth


New home for the Scottish Braille Press

In March 2018, the Scottish Braille Press moved from Craigmillar Park to its new, modern home at Robertson Avenue in Edinburgh. Today, the Scottish Braille Press is a leading UK provider of accessible media, transcribing documents such as books, legal documents and bank statements into braille, large print and audio formats.


225th anniversary

In October 2018, as one of Scotland's oldest charities, we celebrated our 225th year supporting blind and visually impaired people. 


Sight Scotland Icon


Sight Scotland

On October 8, we launched as Sight Scotland. Our new name represents a new era of change and growth, focusing us on the issue which matters most: tackling the impact of vision loss together. 

illustration of a phone


New Community Services

Sight Scotland launched a telephone helpline providing expert advice and support for people with sight loss, as well as for their families, carers and friends.